Stockton, California: The history of Sikhism is closely associated with the history of Punjab and the socio-political situation in medieval India. Sikhs distinction was further enhanced by the establishment of the Khalsa, by Guru Gobind Singh in 1699. Sikhism was created by Guru Nanak, a religious leader and a social reformer during the fifteenth century in the Punjab region. The religious practice was formalized by Guru Gobind Singh on 13 April 1699. The latter baptized five persons from different social backgrounds to form Khalsa.
The Mughal Empire was founded by Babur, a Central Asian ruler who was descended from the Turko-Mongol conqueror Timur on his father’s side and from Chagatai, the second son of the Mongol ruler Genghis Khan, on his mother’s side. Ousted from his ancestral domains in Central Asia, Babur turned to India to satisfy his ambitions. He established himself in Kabul and then pushed steadily southward into India from Afghanistan through the Khyber Pass. Babur’s forces occupied much of northern India after his victory at Panipat in 1526. Generally Sikhism has had amicable relations with other religions. However, during the Mughal rule of India (1556–1707), the emerging religion had strained relation with the ruling Mughals. Prominent Sikh Gurus were martyred by Mughals for opposing some Mughal emperors’ persecution of Sikhs and Hindus. Subsequently, Sikhism militarized to oppose Mughal hegemony and ended their rule in India.
ISIS and Mughals
What ISIS is doing is the exact copy of what Mughals did against Sikh Gurus and followers of Sikhism from 15th century to 18th century. Mughal Empire wanted whole India to be converted to Islam religion. Hindus started converting to Muslim because of fear. Watching hundreds of thousands conversion and the fear for their own life, Hindu religious leaders came and asked for help from Sikh Gurus and his followers. Sikh Gurus stepped up to protect freedom of religion (which was unheard on any corner of the world at that time) and Mughals started the same brutal war crime against Sikhs is exactly what Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) is doing today in 21st century.
Guru Arjan Dev Ji
The Mughal emperor Jahangir wrote in his autobiography Tuzk-e-Jahangiri that too many people were becoming persuaded by Guru Arjan’s teachings and if he did not become a Muslim the Sikh Panth had to be extinguished. HE ordered the Guru’s execution A contemporary Jesuit account, written in early 17th century by Spanish Jesuit missionary into the Mughal court Father Jerome Xavier (1542–1605), who was in Lahore at the time, records that the Sikhs managed to get Jahangir to commute the death sentence to a heavy fine, for which a rich individual, possibly a Sikh, stood as guarantor. The Guru however refused to let a fine be paid for him and even refused when a longtime friend of his, Sufi Sai Mian Mir, tried interceding on his behalf. Jahangir tortured Guru Arjan in the hopes of extracting the money, but the Guru refused to give the fine and was executed.
Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji
The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb ordered Hindu temples to be destroyed and that idol worship was to be stopped. He had a temple converted into a Mosque and slaughtered a cow inside it. He also had Hindus sacked from their government jobs and employed Muslims instead. Aurangzeb also ordered Gurdwaras to be destroyed, and he expelled many missionaries from the main cities. Despite some resistance after many years of persecution, people were being forced to take up Islam. Aurangzeb, being clever, decided if he could convert the revered Brahmin Pandits of Kashmir that millions of followers would then easily be converted. Threatened with conversion or death, the Pandits overcome by panic, came in a delegation to Chakk Nanaki, Pargana Kahlur and requested Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji’s help. Hearing the serious nature of the conversation, Guru Ji’s 9 year old son Gobind Rai Ji told his father what the problem was. The Guru told his son of the Pandits dilemma and said that it would take a holy man literally laying down his life to intercede. Gobind Rai responded “Who would be better than you to defend the poor Brahmins”. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji decided to stand up for the right of freedom of worship and told the delegation to tell Aurangzeb that if he could convert Guru Tegh Bahadur they would gladly convert.
Four days later Guru Tegh Bahadur ji was arrested, along with some of his followers, Bhai Dayala, Bhai Mati Das and Bhai Sati Das by Nur Muhammad Khan.
After Mati Das, Dyal Das and Sati Das were tortured and executed on three consecutive days, Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded at Chandni Chowk in 1675. Guru Tegh Bahadur is popularly known as “Hind Di Chadar” i.e. “The Shield of India”, in reference to his popular image as sacrificing his life for the protection of religious freedom in India.
Bhai Sati Das, Bhai Mati Das & Bhai Dayala
Bhai Sati Das was wrapped up in cotton wool, set alight and was roasted alive. He remained calm and peaceful and kept uttering Waheguru, waheguru, waheguru (Sikh meditation). His martyrdom is remembered by the Sikhs in their daily prayers. This happened on 24 November 1675, on the same day as Bhai Mati Das was executed.
Mati Das while standing erect was tied between two posts. He was asked if he had any parting words, to which Mati Das answered, “I request only that my head be turned toward my Guru as I am executed.” Two executioners placed a double-handed saw on his head. Mati Das serenely uttered “Ek Onkar” and started reciting the Japji Sahib, the great morning prayer of the Sikhs. He was sawn in half from head to loins. It is said that even as the body was being sawn into two, the Japji continued to reverberate from each part until it was all over.
Qazi pronounced his religious order that Bhai Dayala must either accept Islam or be prepared to embrace death by being boiled in a Cauldron. Bhai Dayal was asked for a final time if he would leave his faith and embrace Islam. Bhai sahib defiantly and consistently answered, “No!” to the qazi’s repeated requests. This infuriated the qazi who pronunced his immediate torture and death. The executioners sat Bhai Sahib in the cauldron of water under which a large fire was lit. Slowly the water was let warm; then it was hot; soon it was too hot and then it was boiling. Bhai Dayala continued to his last breath to recite Sikh prayers.
Bhai Taru Singh Ji
After a short period of imprisonment and torture, Bhai Taru Singh ji was brought by Mughals before Lahore Governor Zakariya Khan and given the choice of converting to Islam or being executed. Taru Singh calmly asked, “Why must I become a Mussalman (a Muslim person)? Do not the Mussalmans ever die?” Upon his refusal, and in a public display, Bhai Taru Singh’s scalp was cut away from his skull with a sharp knife to prevent his hair from ever growing back. Bahi Taru Singh ji was left to bleed to his death by Mughals.
Mass torture and persecution of Sikhs
Zakariya Khan was the Mughal governor of Lahore, now in Pakistan. He had taken part in the Mughal Empire’s operations against the Sikh leader Banda Singh Bahadur. After the capture of Banda Singh and his companions in December 1715, he escorted the prisoners to Delhi, rounding up Sikhs that he could find in villages along the route. As he reached the Mughal capital, the caravan comprised seven hundred bullock carts full of severed heads and over seven hundred captives. He ordered village officials to capture Sikhs and hand them over for execution. A graded scale of rewards was laid down – a blanket for cutting off a Sikh’s hair; ten rupees for information about the whereabouts of a Sikh; fifty rupees for a Sikh scalp. Plunder of Sikh homes was made lawful; giving shelter to Sikhs or withholding information about their movements was made a capital offense.
Zakariya Khan’s police, consisting of nearly 20,000 men especially recruited for this purpose, scoured the countryside and brought back hundreds of Sikhs in chains. Prominent Sikhs including the revered Bhai Mani Singh and Bhai Tariff Singh were, after the severest of torments, publicly beheaded at the Nakhas, the horse-market of Lahore, renamed by Sikhs “Shahidganj” in honour of the martyrs. Yet Zakariya Khan remained unsuccessful in his object of vanquishing the Sikhs. He died at Lahore on 1 July 1745 a dispirited man, bequeathing to his sons and successors chaos and confusion.
Torture on Sikh Women & Kids
The Sikh women held as prisoners in Mir Mannu’s Jail (1748-1753) who endured the pain of having their children murdered and made into garlands around their necks but did not sacrifice their faith. During 18th century Sikh women were arrested and endured torture in Mir Mannu’s Jail in Lahore, they chanted: “ਮਨੂੰ ਸਾਡੀ ਦਾਤਰੀ ਅਸੀਂ ਮਨੂੰ ਦੇ ਸੋਏ || ਜਿਉਂ ਜਿਉਂ ਮਨੂੰ ਵਢਦਾ ਅਸੀਂ ਦੂਣ ਸਵਾਏ ਹੋਏ || (We are the grass, and Mannu the sickle (grass-cutting blade); The more he cuts us, the more we grow.)”
May be true, I don’t know. But what I do know is, islam never supports brutal killing. Islam is a way of peace. But most of you are blaming Islam without even try to understand the concepts of it, only on the basis of these brutality.
Its the same attitude as before. Now the world knows.
Keep telling yourself and be happy:)
Sikhs were Hindus, Buddhist, and some were Jain.
After the assassination of Indira Gandhi, it was the Congress butchering the Sikhs.
Don’t put it on Hindus, Indira ain’t a Hindu goddess.
This is either ignorance or concious trouble making! The 1984 riots were not Hindu-Sikh riots. It was Con-crass – Sikh riots. The communal terror group Con-crass wanted to do a public display of brutality, aided and abetted by top leadership under Rajeev and Sonia Maino, and had Con-crass terrorists from across religions. It is NOT a religious rivalry as in case of brutality and massacre by barbaric middles eastern hoards like Mughals!
if it wasn’t for the sikh gurus today all Hindus would have been Muslims…….Sikhs ended the Mughal Raaj in india……. Dhan shri guru teg bahudar Ji…..”hind de chader” Dhan shri guru Gobind Singh Ji
Islam has brought nothing but hardship
Religions are all man made our sikh gurus taught us to be good to all mankind
To reach to thé montain peak v all go différent ways but v all reach thé top
How can you say that? Surely you can’t brand a whole faith? What happened to the Sikhs was wrong but don’t show immaturity by blaming the whole religion
Sikhs were Hindu’s before they turned to Sikhism
SIKH GURU JIO KA KOI MUKABLA NAHI WO HAMARI KOM KE LIYE BHAGWAN SE KAM NAHI HAIN
How Bulshit comment ,.. How you could compare Mugals terrisium with after affect of Indira gandhi assassination..
I shows your pr thought and nothing else…
Mughal times were medival times, lets not forget our recent history
after Indira Gandhi assasination, thousands of Sikhs were butchered by Hindus.
They were cornered and attacked by mobs of Hindus, sikh women were raped and kids killed in cold blood.
Lets not forget that
sikhs gurus and sikhs are great, they saved india and hindus
Very good article and heart touching .salute to all the gurus and Sikhs who sacrificed their life for country .
In the present days, Terrorism is sponsored by some countries to boost their sales; our own people fall a prey to their money, temptations, affluence and ‘beauty of the skin’! Then with the help of locals, eager to get favours, they start Terrorism within our country too; for the sake of easy money, our media too probably mote terrorism in some way or the other; practically none of our media and business houses present to the public, the wrongs done to our forefathers.
I am a Sikh and i am proud to be a part of such a brave community…
still many fellow indians busy cracking sardar jokes….f**k them….long live sikhs…the martial race of india
Sikhs are great patriots among Indians whose religion had a political tenor and agenda. Their suffering and sacrifice is unparalleled . But it was most ironical that during Indira Gandhi’s assassination the Sikhs were subjected to worst type of brutality on the streets of New Delhi in independent India. More than 3500 Sikhs were killed. But still the Sikhs voted the Congress to power in Punjab. What has happened to the great heroic race of Sikhs. Some Sikhs also , of late, have become tool for proselytisation into Christianity. Most unfortunate , indeed.
sikhs r really brave,they r actually shield of india.
Im shaking with anger, Muslins are sons of the Devil
Really sad. All the mughals who did this and the people who are doing such crimes now will know terrible fear and pain as garuda puran says. They may say they only one life we have but in the next life they will be a street dog or a pig with memories of previous life. Imagine that.
Sing is king
Today we are Hindus and Indians this because Sikhs have a well known and distinguished role in this. Even today our Sikh brothers guard our borders and till our lands. We are proud to be related to such a community!
Hindus and India owe a lot to the Sikhs…
When such is the great history of sacrifice by Sikh Gurus, for upholding religion and safe guarding Hindu Brothers, Khalistan Movement is meaningless and also against Sikh Gurus’ ideals. Sikhs who fund violent Khalisthan, should ponder over this and desist.
Who can forget the great sacrifice of Chaar Sahibzaade.. Waheguru ji ka Khalsa, Waheguru ji ki Fateh..
I’m from Sri Lanka & a Sinhalese Buddhist & like I like them very much.
Really sikhs are great and brave hearted people
Dhan Dhan teri sikhi Dhan Dhan tera Khalsa. Marno mool na darde singh maut de vapari ne
That proves that brutal acts isn’t with respect to any religion but with the evil staying within one.. even thought of such things shakes our soul.. Surely one doing such things doesn’t have one..!
Yes this is what isis is doing . what hapn with the sikh people n grus was the same what there fathers (isis) did in 680AD prophit mohammeds fmly. In karbala iraq. N didnt stop they killd alll the11 grus of shia faith . With the same brutality as the killed sikh grus . The vilages the cities n any where uf the find shia beliver they just killed in the same way . Isis type mode of operandi was established in 620AD itself. But came to light in 680AD. then again in the time of sikh grus . N again now . It dosent meen that this bastards stopped inbetween .
Every Indian owes a lot to Sikhs , Sikhism is the only religion where everyone who is born in this religion has a spiritual Guru, even though I am Hindu I love & respect Sikhism a lot.infact all the religions which originated in India are based on the same ideology of love.
every time I read Sikh history from 1700 onwards, I feel how much we owe it to the Gurus and their disciples who laid down their lifes for we Hindus…Respect and Prayers.
Shocked. I am a south Indian and was not knowing this. Really sad. Brutality 🙁 🙁 🙁
I am a Hindu and a proud follower of all gurus. We all owe a lot to Guru Nanak and Guru Govind Singh Ji.
Well it was an really it was an intresting article by you people
For a matter of fact i myself as an hindu i always feel proud to read the teachings of sikhisim
You people always protect us even if we make jokes on you people and even you have been torched like this my hartly respect to you people
And i will suerly speard this article
You forgot to mention that Sheikh Ahmad Shah Sirhindi was responsible for Naqsbandi Silsila in Sirhind. And later Naqsbandi Silsila shifted to Kabul and then to Damascus.
Current marauders in Syria owe allegiance to Naqsbandi Silsila and hence the similarities.