Sikhs to have own law for registering marriages – Anand Karaj Act

Delhi, India: The union cabinet on Thursday decided to bring in a bill allowing the registration of Sikh marriages under the Anand Marriage Act, 1909, which would enable members of the community to get themselves registered as Sikhs in the marriage certificate.

The century old Act was passed by the British, but became nonoperational after Independence. Since then, Sikh marriages are being registered under the Hindu Marriage Act.

“The cabinet has approved the introduction of the bill in the Parliament’s budget session to amend the Anand Act to provide for the registration of marriages,” union human resource development minister Kapil Sibal t old reporters in New Delhi after a cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. A bill to amend the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969, would also be tabled when the budget session resumes on April 24, Sibal added.

“The cabinet’s decision has fulfilled a long standing demand of Sikhs. It is the first step towards acquiring an independent identity,” said Tarlochan Singh, former chairman of the National Commission for Minorities. In 2003, Tarlochan had written to then law minister Arun Jaitley, demanding a separate Act for the registration of Sikh marriages. “Jaitley replied that the Anand Act already existed. We found that it lacked the provision for the registration of Sikh marriages. Now, the amendment would do the needful,” said Tarlochan Singh.

“I have also demanded an amendment in Section 25 of the Constitution, wherein Sikhs are shown as part of the Hindu religion, I demand that the government review this law too,” Tarlochan added.

Welcoming the move, Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committtee (SGPC) president Avtar Singh Makkar said the Centre had provided relief to Sikhs by accepting the demand for a separate provision instead of inclusion under the Hindu Marriage Act. Talking to mediapersons at Anandpur Sahib on Thursday, Makkar said it was former Rajya Sabha member Tarlochan Singh who had first raised the issue in Parliament.

Hardeep Singh, SGPC member, said, “Sikhs also need a separate set of laws for annulling a marriage, guardian rights and succession rights.”

Punjab Congress president Capt Amarinder Singh said: “The union government has shown respect for Sikh sentiments. I am thankful to the Prime Minister, union home minister P Chidambaram and union law minister Salman Khurshid for fulfilling the long pending demand of the Sikh community.” Amarinder had earlier met the Prime Minister and the home and law ministers separately for the introduction of the Anand Act.

“This is the victory of Sikhs; we had fought for this right for decades,” Tarlochan Singh said today. Akali Dal’s Rajya Sabha member Naresh Gujral also welcomed the decision saying. “It’s sad that Sikhs who sacrificed so much for the country had to feel alienated over such a small demand.

“I convey my gratitude to the Prime Minister, UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi and the union law minister for having given Punjab and the Sikh community this Baisakhi gift,” the Congress MP said.

After a long delay, the government has agreed to enact the Anand Act. Sikhs hope the parliamentarians, cutting across party lines, will back the passage of the bill in Parliament.”

In the Cabinet, Information Minister Ambika Soni proposed that the amendment Bill be titled Anand Karaj Amendment Bill, 2012. This title is likely to be retained. So far, marriages amongst Sikhs, Hindus, Jains, Buddhists and other communities, except Muslims, Christians, Parsis and Jews, were covered under the Hindu Marriage Act.

Source: TNS, HT


  1. Deepinder Singh

    What is the process of getting marriage registered under this act?

  2. Thanks to Satguru Ji for bestowing common sense to the Indian Parliament.
    Late but finally we are being recognised in India too.
    It is interesting to share the followings with your readers:  

    Pakistan had passed Sikh Anand Marriage Act 2007 to validate the
    marriage ceremony but in India they are registered under the Hindu Marriage
    So strong is the law to register marriages in Pakistan that a Sikh from
    anywhere in the world can register his or her marriage there, though the marriage
    ceremony has to be conducted in the country as it extends the provisions of the
    law applicable to any Sikh irrespective of his nationality. There had been
    instances when Sikhs from various countries had got their marriages registered
    in Pakistan.
    The Sikhs had lauded Pakistan’s move to enact the law in 2007 and even
    appealed to the Union government to take a similar decision. “Even during the
    British times, Sikhs had Anand Marriage Act 1909 framed and the same should
    have been adopted in Indian Constitution,” said Shiromani Panthak Council
    chairman Manjit Singh Calcutta.
    In Pakistan, the government and Pakistan Sikh Gurdwara Parbandhak
    Committee (PSGPC) issue appropriate marriage certificates. The gurdwaras
    including Gurdwara Dera Sahib, Lahore, Gurdwara Janam Asthan, Chunna Mandi,
    Lahore, Janam Asthan, Nanaka Sahib, Gurdwara Panja Sahib, Hassan Abdal,
    Gurdwara Bhai Joga Singh, Peshawar, Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib, Narowal had been
    accredited to issue marriage certificates.

  3. Raj Karega Khalsa!

    It is time for us to form own nation, Congress and Badal fools are traitors and should be hang.


  4. This is great news for Sikh Sangat. Its high time for SIKH HOMELAND.

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